Khirbet Abu Hof (Lahav) - Basilica

Inscription number: 
1
Selected bibliography: 
274-275, no. 8, ph. 3 (ph., dr.) (ed. pr.)
115, no. 172
Abbreviation for Journals and Series
Epigraphical corpora: 

SEG 46 (1996): 2028

Inscription type: 
quotation
Location: 

Findspot: In the mosaic floor at the entrance of the upper church, in its inner part, but set in the opposite direction to those entering the church.

Pres. loc.: In situ, covered by a layer of earth and stones (Figueras).

Physical description : 

Two-line fragmentary mosaic inscription. The Greek characters are carefully designed in lines formed by red tesserae upon white background. The iotacism of the writing is flagrant and inconsistent. Height of letters 15 cm.

Text: 

[Ἀνοίξατέ μοι πύλην δ]ικαιοσύν(ης)· εἰσελθ(ὼν) ἐν αὐτῇ ἐξομολογίσομ(αι)

[τῷ Κ(υρί)ῳ. Αὕτη ἡ πύλη τοῦ Κ(υρίο)]υ· δίκεοι εἰσελεύσοντ(αι) ἐν αὐτῇ.

Translation: 

Open me the gate of righteousness, entering it, I will confess the Lord. This is the gate of the Lord, the righteous will enter it.

Commentary: 

The text is basically the well-known quotation of Psalm 117 (118):19-20, with the change of the plural αὐταὶς into αὐτῇ, which suggests the presence of πύλην in the missing part of l.1 instead of the original πύλας. Morever, the last word of l.1 does not make much sense without the continuation τῷ Κυρίῳ of the original, which has been restored at the beginning of l.2. (Figueras)

Summary: 

Damaged two-line mosaic inscription with Psalm quotation, at the entrance of the upper church.

Citations from LXX / NT: 
Ps. 117 (118):19-20
Epigraphical Abbreviations: 
stigmas, horizontal stroke over nomen sacrum