Item IDSite NameIdentificationChurch nameDedicationFunctional TypeChurch typeCoordinates, ITM systemLocationGeographical regionProvincial affiliationBishopricTopographical locationDistance from nearest bishop-seatDistance from nearest settlementDistance from Roman roadsSurveyed siteSurveyorsExcavated siteExcavatorsHistoryBibliograpyState of preservation/which parts were uncoveredPhotosFiguresAtriumNarthexFaçade and entriesLateral wallsNaveAislesExternal Walls (for a concentric church)Central spaceAmbulatoryTransept NaveTransept AislesTransept EndsBema, chancel screen and apseLateral spacesCryptSmall findsSmall finds photosSmall finds figuresComments, discussion and summaryOrientationMaterials applied (walls)Materials applied (roofing)AtriumWater cisternNarthexAislesColonnades / ArcadesNumber of nave columns in a rowNumber of aisle columns in a rowNumber of inner space columnsNumber of ambulatory columnsCapital typesTransept NaveTransept EndsTransept AislesEast endChurch Head/ChevetCentral Apse CategoryBema typeBema type textElevation of Bema above naveAltar remainsAltar typeSecondary table/sCiboriumAmboAmbo remainsAmbo descriptionAmbo locationAmbo materialsAmbo placementApse elevationApse shapeSynthrononSynthronon remainsSynthronon locationSynthronon descriptionPastophoria lociDescription and function of northernDescription and function of southernImageFiguresLocationNorthern apse description and functionSouthern apse description and functionPhotos (Lateral apses)Figures (lateral apses)Accesibility and descriptionFunctionPhotosFiguresPhotosFiguresCult of relics lociReliquiaries: shapes and contentsPhotosFiguresPhotosFiguresBurials lociPhotos (burial loci)FiguresPhotos (burial illust)FiguresPhotosFiguresLociFont structureExternal shapeInternal shapeBen-Pechat typePhotosFiguresUpper galleriesGalleries descriptionPhotosFiguresSecondary basilicaSecondary basilica descriptionProthesis chapel / DiakonikonProthesis chapel / Diakonikon descriptionBaptisteryBaptistery descriptionBurial room or chapelBurial room or chapel descriptionSacristy / skeuophylakionSacristy / skeuophylakion descriptionMartyrs chapelMartyrs chapel descriptionDiscussion and Comments
87Ḥorvat MidrasChurchParochialFree standing basilica
194.06
618.28
Village/TownShephelahPalaestina IEleutheropolisAt the middle of Judean Shefelah.Ca. six km. north – east of Eleuteropolis (Beit Govrin).yesyes
A. Ganor, A. Klein ανδ R. Avner
August–December 2010 and January 2011
Ganor, A., Klein, A., Avner, R. and Zissu, B., 2011
,,
Ganor, A., 2012
,,
Ganor, A., Klein, A., Avner, R. and Zissu, B., 2011
,,
Zissu, B., Kloner, A., Ganor, A., Avner, R. and Klein, A., 2016

Τhe first basilical church, oriented northwest-southeast and built of local limestones, was built over a burial cave with three burial troughs reached via a rock-hewn staircase. The floors of the basilica were of white mosaics. The exact plan of the basilica is not clear. Seemingly the underlying burial cavewas connected to it. 

In the 2nd building phase a large three aisled basilica was built using architectural members and decorative elements of the previous edifice, preserving of its orientation. An atrium and a narthex were attached on the west. The entrances to the complex were located in the western wall of atrium. On the east the church had a central apse (segmental, less than a hemisphere), flanked by dead-ends aisles. Behind the apse two L-shaped pastophoria separated from each other by a wall were located within the straight eastern wall. Two colonnades of four columns separated the nave from the aisles. They were of imported gray marble. The floors were covered with mosaic floors. During Stage 4a the mosaics of the apse and of the bema were laid of tesserae smaller than those of the domus. During Stage 4b (our Phase 2), mosaic floors of the domus were kept and reused, but the southern pastophorium was paved with marble slabs, underlining its special importance (probably, a reliquary was kept there). The shape of the northern pastophorium was also transfered: an apse was installed in its southern edge (its spring cource cornize still preserved). The burial cave, which was reached from the northern aisle via the northern pastophorium and served as a martyrium, was covered with slabs. New white mosaic was laid in this room and it was also decorated with frescoes.  During the same Phase 4b the bema was extended to the west, it was paved with marble slabs and two stairs were installed on its western edge. 

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/3%20-%20H.%20Midras%2C%20Aerial.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/2%20-%20H.%20Midras%2C%20Plan%202.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/5963-5.jpg

Partially excavated. It was 9 m wide and paved with stone slabs. The main doorways leading to the complex were located in the western wall of atrium.

Exonarthex (opened towards the atrium), was 2.8 m wide and 12.5 m long. It was paved with white mosaic floor.

Three doorways were leading from narthex to the nave and aisles. 

The nave was 10.6 m long (east – west) and 5.3 m wide (north – south). It was separated from the aisles by two rows of four columns each, made of imported grey marble.

The width of the southern aisle was 2.7 m and its length 14 m. The northern aisle was wider.

In Phase I the apse and the bema were paved with mosaic floors.

In Phase II the chancel was extended to the west and two steps were installed. It was covered with marble plates set on top of the earlier mosaic floor. The chancel was separated from the nave by a marble chancel screen. Probably in this phase a marble ambo was constructed at the north – western corner of the bema. Two openings at the northern and southern sides of the chancel screen lead to the aisles. Also to this phase belongs the apse framed in three walls.

Two L-shaped rooms were flanking the apse, reachable via doorways set in the eastern walls of the aisles. The southern room was paved with marble slabs. The two rooms were separated by a wall that was built behind the apse . The floor level of the northern room, paved with white mosaics, was lower than the floor level of the northern aisle. In Phase 2 its southern wall was shaped as an apse roofed by a half-dome the cornize of which was preserved. The walls of the small apse were covered with painted plaster. In this phase (Stages 4b or  5), a new passageway was constructed for direct access into the martyrium from the outside (not from the northern aisle as before).

yesFacing eastLimestonetiles, timberYes

Exonarthex (opened towards the atrium), was 2.8 m wide and 12.5 m long. It was paved with white mosaic floor.

The width of the southern aisle was 2.7 m and its length 14 m. The northern aisle was wider.

Colonnade
Total: 
8
Extant in S: 
4
Extant in N: 
4
CorinthianyesyesInternal apsemonoapsidal flanked by "martyrion" on n, and "diakonikon" on s [a la Syria] (mon-aps VI)apsidalU shaped with two lateral openings2 steps upYesNMarbleFlash with the bemaHemisphericalNoN & SThe northern roomת L-shaped, extending behind the apse (like the opposite southern room), being separated by a wall behind the apse. The floor level of the northern room was lower than the floor level of the northern aisle. It was paved with white mosaic. In a later stage its southern wall got a small apse covered with painted plaster. A stair case in the floor of the apse was leading down to a burial cave (discovered empty), which probably was the reason for the building of the church. Hence this pastophorium was labeled "martyrium" by the excavators. During Phase II a plastered semi-dome with a spring cornice was constructed, being also oriented towards the south. It topped the entrance to the tomb (that was covered with stone slabs), next to the southern wall of the northern room. The doorway between this room and the northern aisle was blocked and a new doorway (0.7 m wide) was opened to the outside in the northern wall of the northern room.The southern room, L-shaped as well, was paved with marble slabs.A staircase in the floor of the small apse of the northern pastophorium was leading down to a burial cave (discovered empty), which probably was the reason for building the church on that spot. It was closed with slabs during the Stage 4b. https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/s-midras-fig.8-l1070432.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/s-midras-fig.6-.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/s-midras-fig.5-l1070214.jpgIn the crypt that preceded the church. Three burial troughs, found empty, were uncovered there. The cave did not served as a burial place for the church, but rather as a martyrion.During Phase II a plastered semi-circular installation was built over the entrance to the tomb in the northern lateral room (that was covered with stone slabs), next to the southern wall of the northern room. The excavators suggested a possibility that this installation was actually a baptistery.
92TiberiasMt. Berenice"Anchor"; St. GeorgeMonasticBasilical
250.83
742.43
UrbanSea of GalileePalaestina IITiberiasThe church is located on the eastern hill of Mount Berenice which is located 0.6 km west of the shore of the Sea of GalileeTiberias is a bishop-seatBuilt inside the wall of ancient tiberiasTiberias sits on a roman road surrounding the Sea of Galilee yesyes
Yizhar Hirschfeld
1990-1994
Hirschfeld, Y., 1993
,,
Hirschfeld, Y., 1994
,,
Amir, R., 1994
,,
Pringle, D., 1998
,,
Hirschfeld, Y., 1999
,,
Hirschfeld, Y., 2004

The entire complex, composed of an atrium, narthex, prayer hall and northern wing, was uncovered. The exterior of the building remained, but the interior was altered in later periods.

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/Tib.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/Untitled.png, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/Tiberias%2C%20Mt.%20Berenice%2C%20Plan%20of%20all%20strata%2C%20Hirschfeld%2C%202004%2C%20f.7.4%28RED%29.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/Tiberias%2C%20Mt.%20Berenice%2C%20Proposed%20plan%20of%206th%20century%2C%20Hirschfeld%2C%202004%2C%20f.7.5.png, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/Tiberias%2C%20Mt.%20Berenice%2C%20Reconstruction%2C%20Hirschfeld%2C%202004%2C%20f.7.79%28red%29_0.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/bereniki_01_-_final_red.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/bereniki_01_-_open_-_final.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/bereniki_03_-_final_red.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/bereniki_04_-_final.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/bereniki_05_-_fina_redl.jpg

The entrance to the complex was through the south wall of the atrium. The atrium is almost square in shape (17X19.5 m); its north-west corner is affected by the city wall. The atrium floor was paved with a mosaic of concentric white circles on a black background with a frame of a running pattern of acanthus leaves, separated from the central pattern by a dark band. Remains of pilasters were uncovered parallel to the three exterior walls of the atrium. The distance between the pilasters and walls might indicate the existence of a portico. In the center of the atrium was a large, 7.5 square meters, 4.1 meter deep and 220 cubic meters, water cistern. The ceiling of the cistern was supported by four pairs of arches that rested upon engaged pillars in the cistern wall, and columns placed in the center of the cistern. The cistern collected rain water from two drainage channels, one from the south-east corner of the cistern and a second from the south-west, which runs from a settling pool located outside the atrium. In addition two drainage channels were uncovered from the north; one runs from a settling pool adjacent to the north wall of the atrium, the second runs from outside the atrium and reaches a settling pool adjacent the northern wall of the cistern .

West of the atrium there is remains of a narthex (3.9 meter wide), most of which is covered by later remains. The narthex leads to the prayer hall and in addition there is an entrance way that allows direct entrance to the northern wing of the structure. In the northeastern corner of the narthex a section of a colorful mosaic, consisting of a geometric interlocking design with floral decoration.

The entranceways are set in the western wall: a wide main entrance with two narrow secondary entrances to the aisles; the main entrance is 1.8 wide, the northern entrance is 1.1 m and the southern entrance was altered in later periods.

The prayer hall is rectangular and has a basilical plan. The northern wall was preserved to 3 m above the floor, it is 0.8 m thick and is coated with 2 cm thick layer of white plaster. the are two entrances along the wall leading to the eastern wing. The southern wall was preserved to 3 m above floor level. This wall is thicker in width, 1.1 m, due to the fact that the southern side of the hill on which the church stands is steeper than the other sides.

The nave floor is leveled with the slight rise of the Bema. The original floor was not preserved, but evidence of the original opus sectile fllor were uncovered. In a probe done under the later floor, a section of a floor with tile impression was found.

The isles were seperated from the Nave by rows of 7 columns which were reused in a later period. The floor of the isles was paved with a mosaic.

The main Apse is hemispherical in shape, with a diameter of 5.8 m, and is built flash with the Bema. the Bema protrudes into the nave at a higher step than the nave. The altar of the first phase was not found, but under the floor a large basalt anchor stone was found. The location of the stone attests to its function as a holy object. built into the apse is a graded Synthronon made of two steps , the bottom one is smaller than the upper.

On the north and south of the Main apse are two smaller hemispherical apses with a diameter of 3.1 m.

yes
Category: 
Other
Description: 
A small piece of fresco was found under the floor of the third phase. The fresco depicts a face of a man. the fresco is dated by style to the 11th centuer C.E.
,
Description: 
The pottery found at the church consists of pottery from the Roman period till the Mamluk period.
,
Category: 
Coins
Description: 
Seventy six coins were found during the excavation. The coins reflect the occupation of the site from the Byzantine to the Mamluk period.
,
Category: 
Glass
Description: 
Large quantities of glass remain were found, with the chronological rang of Late-Roman to the medieval periods. The majority of the vessels are from the Byzantine and Umayyad periods.
,
Category: 
Metal objects
Description: 
A large assemblage of metal finds, which some may have been associated with church life: a lamp hanger, a bell, tools to clean oil lamps and keys.
,
Category: 
Other
Description: 
A gray-black hematite amulet dated to the 2nd-3rd century; Two clay loops; pieces of ostrich egg shell that may have been part of the church furnishing; two spindle whorls .
Facing eastBasalttilesYesYes

West of the atrium there is remains of a narthex (3.9 meter wide), most of which is covered by later remains. The narthex leads to the prayer hall and in addition there is an entrance way that allows direct entrance to the northern wing of the structure. In the northeastern corner of the narthex a section of a colorful mosaic, consisting of a geometric interlocking design with floral decoration.

The isles were seperated from the Nave by rows of 7 columns which were reused in a later period. The floor of the isles was paved with a mosaic.

Colonnade
Total: 
7
Extant in S: 
7
Extant in N: 
7
CorinthianyesyesExternal apses, roundtri-apsidalapsidalU shaped with two lateral openings1 step upimprintsStone, table-likeNoFlash with the bemaHemisphericalYesgradesAgainst the apseTwo steps were built in the central apse, the bottom one is smaller than the upper. N & Ssmall hemispherical apses with a diameter of 3.1 m.small hemispherical apses with a diameter of 3.1 m.under altarUnder the altar a large basalt stone shaped like an anchor, was found in situ. The stone, smooth on all sides but one, is 1.1m. long, 0.35m. thick, and about 0.55m. high. It weighs about 484 kg. and has a bi-conical hole cat through.A tomb containing monolithic sarcophagus was found in the northeastern corner of the middle room of the western wing.Otheran additional wing was built north of the church. the wing is divided into three rooms. the western room had an entrance from the narthex. the middle room (which was larger than the other two) and the eastern room had entrances to the north aisle, and an entrance between the two rooms. A tomb containing monolithic sarcophagus was found in the northeastern corner of the middle room. A lintel decorated with a cross was discovered next to the entrance between the middle and eastern room.
107SussitaSouthwest Church (SWC)Theodorus of AmasiaParochialFree standing basilica
262.25
742.66
UrbanGolan HeightsPalaestina IISusitaOn the western slopes of the Golan heightsInside the city of Hippos (Susita)yesyes
Segal and Eisenberg
2010's
Segal, A. , 2005
,,
Staab, G. and Eisenberg, M., 2020

Only the eastern third of the church was excavated. The western part partially reconstructed on basis of the walls that are visible on the surface.

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/sussita_burnt_church_zpe_214-2020.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1%20-%20Susita%2C%20SWC%2C%20Plan%201.jpg

On the basis of the remains of the walls visible on the surface, the church had a narrow narthex and an atrium.

Three entrances symmetrically ranged on the western wall of the church.

The church (13 m x 9. 50 m) is divided by two rows of columns, three in each row, into a nave 5 m. wide and two aisles, each 2.50 m. wide.

In the center of the eastern wall there is a semicircular apse that is 4 m. wide and has a diameter of 2.40 m. Its good preservation makes it possible to reconstruct the half dome of which the two first layers still remain in situ. The half dome was also built of stones and not by a mould casting. The level of the bema was about 0.40 m. higher than the nave, bordered by three low walls built of ashlars. At least on the western wall parts of a chancel screen were preserved. In the center of the bema, at a distance of 2 m. from the chancel screens, a reliquary was found fixed into the mosaic floor.

In the lateral wall to the north of the apse an opening was discovered. This opening (about 1.50 m. wide), roofed by a lintel made of basalt. The area to the east of the doorway still unexcavated so it is not clear whether the opening leads outside the church or perhaps to a room or hall extending north of the apse.

yes
Category: 
Pottery
Description: 
The pottery found in the burnt layers above the mosaic floor of the nave dated to the end of the Byzantine period. Also, many fragments of roof tiles were found scattered in numerous quantities within the ‎perimeter of the building. ‎
,
Category: 
Metal objects
Description: 
Nails of various sizes were also discovered here, and indicate once more that the roof was constructed of wood.
Facing eastLimestone, Basalttiles, timber
Total: 
3
IonicyesyesExternal apse, rounddead end aisles (mon-aps III)apsidalU shaped without lateral openings1 step upfoundationsNoFlash with the bemaHemisphericalNounder altarIn the center of the bema, at a distance of 2 m. from the chancel screens, a reliquary was found fixed into the mosaic floor. The reliquary, of three compartments, was made of soft limestone of orange-red color. It had a rectangular shape and measured 0.40 x 0.50 m. It protruded about 0.20 m. above the mosaic floor of the apse.
108SussitaSchuler 2013: 241; 2019, had suggested that the church and the structures surrounding it from all sides constituted an urban monastery. It this case the church will become also a monastic church, but this proposal deserves further consideration.Northeast Church (NEC)MemorialBasilica with two annexed chapels
262.11
742.80
UrbanGolan HeightsPalaestina IISusitaOn the western slopes of the Golan heightsInside the city of Hippos (Susita)yesyes
Ovadiah, A., 1970
,,
Schuler, M., 2007
,,
Schuler, M., 2013
,,
Schuler, M., 2019

The entire church, including the narthex and side annexes was excavated. It was built over an earlier Roman peristyle house. Some of its walls were incorporated in the church (Schuler 2019).

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/2%20-%20Susita%2C%20NEC%2C%20Aerial_0.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/3%20-%20Susita%2C%20NEC%2C%20Plan%202.jpg

The church has no atrium. Access to the church was directly from Cardo 2 North, through an exonarthex.

Instead of a narthex there was the so called “western portico” - an exonarthex, located at the end of cardo 2 North. In the western part of the portico there is a stylobate (18 m from north to south and 0.9 – 1.1 m wide) built of basalt stones. Six column bases are preserved on the stylobate (out of probably eight), with average intercolumnation of 1.96 m.

Two entrances from the “western portico” / exonarthex led into the church. The central, to the nave and the southern, to the southern aisle. An additional entrance, 0.98 m wide,  led through a corridor to the southeastern annexed chamber ("skeuophylakion"). The gable of the facade was decorated by a basalt cross found in debris at the western end of the southern aisle (Schuler 2013, Fig. 316). 

Preserved to several courses. Two doorways in the northern wall connected the aisle with the northern annex. The eastern of the two  led to the "skeuophylakion"; the western one - to the western hall of this annex. A single doorway in the southern wall led to the "diakonikon".  

The basilica is nearly square (12.5 m. X 13 m.) with central nave and two aisles. In the nave two leyers of mosaic floors were recognized. The lower one was more elaborate, with geometrical patterns and animal and floral motifs. The upper mosaic is much simpler, with only few geometric patterns. 

Between the nave and the south aisle there is a row of four column bases set on a stylobate. The intercolumnation averages 2.1 m. Stone benches were installed north to the entrance to the south aisle and along part of its southern wall. The northern aisle is deliniated by a stylobate with six columns, with irregular intercolumnations, making the church asymmetrical. A stone bench was installed along the northern wall. A stone cistern-head is located in northwestern corner of the aisle. It is a piece of of a basalt aqueduct pipe. The southern aisle had a 0.9 m wide door from the west; the northern aisle had no entrance from thhis side. (For doorways in the lateral walls of both aisles, see above, ubder "Lateral walls").

The apse was 4.5 m. wide and 3 m. deep, with remains of plastered synthronon with limestone. The semi-dome above the apse was decorated with frescos. The chancel ran N-S along the entire width of the church, with chancel screen running in a straight line across the nave and aisles in a north – south direction. There was only a single passage in its middle. Two burials were discovered in the bema, within the chancel screen. One, masonry built in its depth, under the floor,  off its center, slightly to the north of the E-W axis, held a stone sarcophagus laid over a decomposed wooden coffin. The other, in its southern end, was a stone sarcophagus projecting slightly above the floor. 

The southern part of the bema was detached from it by two perpendicular walls that enclosing the southern sarcophagus. A narrow passage was left near its north-eastern corner. 

yesFacing eastBasalttiles, timberNo

Instead of a narthex there was the so called “western portico” - an exonarthex, located at the end of cardo 2 North. In the western part of the portico there is a stylobate (18 m from north to south and 0.9 – 1.1 m wide) built of basalt stones. Six column bases are preserved on the stylobate (out of probably eight), with average intercolumnation of 1.96 m.

Between the nave and the south aisle there is a row of four column bases set on a stylobate. The intercolumnation averages 2.1 m. Stone benches were installed north to the entrance to the south aisle and along part of its southern wall. The northern aisle is deliniated by a stylobate with six columns, with irregular intercolumnations, making the church asymmetrical. A stone bench was installed along the northern wall. A stone cistern-head is located in northwestern corner of the aisle. It is a piece of of a basalt aqueduct pipe. The southern aisle had a 0.9 m wide door from the west; the northern aisle had no entrance from thhis side. (For doorways in the lateral walls of both aisles, see above, ubder "Lateral walls").

Total: 
4
Extant in S: 
4
Extant in N: 
5
yesyesExternal apse, rounddead end aisles (mon-aps III)apsidalTransversal1 step upno remainsNoFlash with the bemaHemisphericalYesgradesAgainst the apseelsewhereAt the center of the chancel floor at the east end of the northern aisle is a loculus for ‎a reliquary (31 X 31 X 17 cm). At the central section of the chancel, at its middle, on ‎east – west axis of the church, there is another loculus for a reliquary (17 X 26 cm) ‎and just to its south another one of similar size, made of marble slabs. ‎Two burials were uncovered within the chancel screen, both installed in Phase 1. One, masonry built under the floor off its ‎central axis, just to its north. The other is a ‎sarcophagus, partially projecting above floor level on its southern end. ‎It was set on the original floor level of the bema. The masonry built burial is 97 cm. wide ‎‎(north – south), 2.17 m. long (east – west), and 1.42 m. deep. It is built of basalt ashlars and covered by stone slabs. Between the second and the third covering slab (counting ‎from the west), a lead pipe extends down into the tomb. Inside the tomb there is a ‎limestone sarcophagus, measures 200 X 60 cm with an internal depth of 30 – 34 cm. ‎It was covered by six stone plates. The led pipe reached a tiny drilled hole in the second covering plate. It held at least nine adult individuals. Remains of three more individuals were found outside. Altogether they include at least three males, three females and a baby. All were disarticulated. A decomposed wooden coffin recognized by iron nails and the different earth hue was uncovered underneath. ‎ The sarcophagus against the southern wall of the chancel, of limestone ‎as well, is 61.5 – 64 cm ‎wide, 2 m long and 35 – 38 cm deep. It was covered by a monolithic stone lid the sides of which were reveted in 3 cm thick marble decorated with crosses. The lid, 2.27 x 0.76 m, has an anointing hole in it shaped like a bowl ca. 10 cm. in diameter, with a rim. It stands on the plaster floor of ‎Phase 1 church, and slightly protruded above the stone slabs floor of the Phase 2.‎ It held the collected bones of a single elderly woman in her 60's plus. The skeleton was found disarticulated, with the limb bones arranged around the skull under the anointing hole. She might have been the founder of the church. https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/sarcophagus_of_the_elderly_woman._schuler_2019.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/diakonikongeneral_view._schuler_2019.jpgSimple rectangular roomA doorway in the southern wall of the southern aisle, near the chancel screen, ‎leads to a spacious room (6.23 x 5.63 m), attached to the southeastern corner ‎of the church. Two pilasters attached to its southern and northern ‎walls carried two arches that held the roof. Stone benches were installed along its northern, western and southern walls. On the ‎south wall above the bench is a rectangular niche in the wall that served as a cupboard. The floor is of hard plaster.‎ A finely worked, square stone cistern-head is located neat the northeastern corner of the. room, set over a platform about 25 cm high above the floor. On the cistern platform a small hoard of ‎gold jewelry, including a magic amulet pendant and three belt pieces, was uncovered under a fragment of a jar. ‎ The over-sized dimensions of this room in comparison to the small size of the church , ‎the cistern, the healing charm and the direct proximity to the tomb of the elderly woman (located in the southern ‎part of the chancel), lead the excavators to suggest that "the room served a local ‎healing cult".‎ Simple rectangular roomThis is the easternmost room of the northern annex. Mosaic paved, it has three doorways in its eastern, southern and western wall. The eastern door (1.1 m wide), lockable from inside, leads outside, to cardo 3N and to the "peristyle house" to its east. The southern - to the chancel, and the western - to the "median chamber" of the northern annex, that served as a sort of an antechamber both to the "skeuophylakion" and to a non-excavated building that extended farther north (the Northern Building). The multiplicity of doorways and the absence of cupboards cast doubt on the identification of the small (3.43 m north to south ‎and 3.15 m east to west), mosaic-paved room as a treasury (skeuophylakion). In the northeast corner of the ‎room is a bench (62 X 132 X 55 cm high) that was built in Phase 2 over the mosaic floor - the best preserved in the entire church. The western hall of the northern annex, stone paved and accessed through a doorway in the western portico / exonarthex, was actually a corridor that led to the "median chamber". A stone staircase installed next to its southern room led to an upper platform above its eastern end, that was supported by three (or four) columns. It seems that this balcony gave access to the second floor of the Northern Building.
109SussitaNorthwest Church (NWC)ParochialBasilica with two annexed chapels
262.05
742.73
UrbanGolan HeightsPalaestina IISussitaIn the city center, above the cella and the temenos of an Early Roman temple (Augustan or Tiberian), that was N-S oriented.Inside the city of Hippos (Sussita)yes
G. Schumacher
1888
yes
Burdajewicz M. and Młynarczyk J.
2000-2009
Ovadiah, A., 1970
,,
Segal, A., 2001
,,
Młynarczyk, J. and Burdajewicz, M., 2005
,,
Burdajewicz, M. and Młynarczyk, J. , 2006
,,
Młynarczyk, J., 2008
,,
Młynarczyk, J. and Burdajewicz, M., 2013
,,
Frankel, R. and Eisenberg, M. , 2018
,,
Burdajewicz, M. and Młynarczyk, J. , 2019

The entire church was excavated, including the atrium and the attached chapels. The Nave and aisles as well as the attached northern chapel were mosaic paved.

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/3%20-%20Susita%2C%20NWC%2C%20Aerial.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1_-_susita_nwc_plan_1.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/2_-_susita_nwc_plan_2.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/mlynarczyk_2008.jpg

Square atrium (22 X 22 m.) with a square courtyard (13.70x13.70 m.) surrounded by porticos 3–3.20 m. wide.

The eastern portico served as a narthex.

Three entries led to the basilica. The central - 2 m. wide; the laterals – 1.15 m. wide each.

6.90 m. wide.  Two rows of 6 basalt columns with Byzantine style Ionic capitals separated the nave from the aisles.

3.50 m. wide each.

In Phase 1 the bema and its chance screen were U shaped (4.7x6.15m). In Phase 2 it was converted to a T-shaped chancel with three openings. 

The apse, internal, was 5.60 m. wide and 3.40 m. deep. The synthronon within the apse consisted of three benches of limestone blocks (four at the southern end). Seemingly it was installed in Phase 2 (contra the excavators' opinion in their 2013: 200 report. In an earlier report they expressed a different opinion, like the one presented here). No traces were preserved to indicate the exact location of the altar . 

According to the excavators, in Phase 1 the apse was flanked by two open pastophria. A short cupboard niche for a was installed in the upper part of the southern wall of the northern pastophorium, next to a low doorway that communicated with the main apse. A higher cupboard was installed in the northern wall of the southern pastophorium. 

In Phase 2, an apse was replacing the northern pastophorion. It was shifted somewhat west, leaving a small and narrow space (2.5 m. east – west, 3.50 – 3.70 m. north – south) behind. The low opening still connected this space with the apse. But now the access was via  a narrow vertical shaft left in the synthronon (installed in this phase against the main apse), in which a ladder or another climbing installation seems to have been installed. The excavators suggested correctly that this rear room was a treasury – skeuophylakion.

A marble table (mensa) was placed in front of the northern apse, with a three-compartment reliquary placed on it, serving the cult of relics. Free access to the reliquiarium was barred by extending the chancel screen of the bema accross the northern aisle, thus forming a separate chapel. 

The southern pastophorium was mosaic paved. Unlike the excavators, this space seems to have been lockable in its original state. In Phase 2 the western, closing wall was replaced by a wide arch. A patch recognized in the mosaic floor under the arch is a clear evidence to the existance of this wall. A reliquary was set in the mosaic floor under a four-legs secondary table (mensa) (see more under Cult of Relics section in the Detailed Description tab). This lockable space thus became a martyrion of a Syrian-Apamean type, open to the southern aisle by a wide arch. This was a second locale for the cult of relics. Free access to the mensa and the underlying reliquary was barred by extending the chancel screen of the bema accross the southern aisle, thus forming a second separate chapel.   

yesFacing eastBasalttiles, timberYes

The eastern portico served as a narthex.

3.50 m. wide each.

Total: 
6
IonicyesyesInternal apsesecond apse on the napsidalT shaped with three openingsIn Phase 1 the bema was U-shaped. In Phase 2 it was converted to T-shaped.no remainsNoFlash with the bemaHemisphericalYesgradesAgainst the apseThe synthronon within the apse, installed in Phase 2, consisted of three benches ‎of limestone blocks (four at the southern end).‎N & SUnlike the excavators, it is maintained here that in Phase 1 it was a lockable room connected to the central apse via a low doorway. A short cupboard was installed above and to the left of the lintel of this doorway. In Phase 2 the western wall was dismantled, being replaced by a small apse, leaving a small space behind (2.5 m. east – west, 3.50 – 3.70 m. north – south). The doorway led now to a shaft left in the thickness of the synthronon. This was the only mean to access the rear space which the excavators correctly identify as a treasury – skeuophylakion.Unlike the excavators, it is maintained here that in Phase 1 it was a lockable space. Its western wall was dismantled and replaced by a arch, open to the southern aisle. The existence of the earlier wall is suggested by a patch in the mosaic floor exactly under this arch. The walls of the room were plastered and painted in different colors with undetermined patterns. A large reliquary (0.56 X 0.45 m.) made of pink limestone was placed in the mosaic floor under a mensa. The reliquary is dated to the end of the 6th – early 7th century CE.NA small apse replaced in Phase 2 the earlier pastophorium. A marble mensa was placed in front and a reliquary three compartments was set over it. Free access to the reliquary was barred by extending the chancel screen of the bema across the northern aisle.N apse, elsewhereAltogether, three, perhaps four reliquaries were uncovered. The one in the northern apse, of marble, was seemingly set on top of a secondary table (paratrapezon / mensa), since it left no traces on the mosaic floor. It had three narrow rectangular compartments. A miniature glass bottle with tiny pieces of bone was found in the middle compartment. A large reliquary (0.56 X 0.45 m.) made of pink limestone was inserted into the mosaic floor of the southern lateral room (martyrion), under a mensa. It had three compartments - a circular one flanked by two rectangular. Each had its own lid. Above was set a second reliquary, of marble, with a gabled lid, similar to the one in the northern apse. A bronze rod was set in a hole drilled in the center of its lid. The fourth reliquary(?) was uncovered in the "diakonikon", annexed to the basilica on the south (see below) Outside the basilica. See below under Attached Structures. Outside the basilica. See below under Attached Structures. above both aislesTheir existence is attested by the collapse of mosaic floors of an upper floor uncovered in the southern aisle and elsewhere. Stairs attached to the northern wall of the atrium on the outside, seem to lead to the galleries.Quadrangular chapelThe southern annex, labeled "diakonikon", consists of two interconnected spaces (the western 4.90 m. long, the eastern 6.80 m. long; both 3.90 m. wide). The western space is spanned by one arch, the eastern - by two. Entrance (1.75 m. wide) was from the southern aisle, on its western part. Together the two rooms look as an elongated chapel. A masonry bed was installed opposite the entrance. Many utensils and vessels of clay and metal were uncovered dispersed on the floors. Among them a broken stone case with two compartments that might have served as another reliquary. The excavators' proposal that it was a small basin for baptizing new-born by sparkling seems to be less plausible. A stone plate broken to two pieces leaning against the eastern wall might had originally served as a table plate, but its original location is not known. The metal vessels include agricultural utensils (sickles, a pruning knife), an Umayyad decanter and a bronze polycandelon ring. The clay vessels include cooking pots, pans and bowls, interpreted as home-made meal offerings. It is evident that in its final phase this hall served as an all-purpose storeroom, not solely for liturgical vessels. OtherThe excavators suggested that the mosaic paved rectangular room (4.60 m. north – south, 6.60 m. east – west) attached to the basilica on the north served as a baptistry. It was entered from the center of the northern aisle via a 1.15 m. wide door. In Phase III a winery was built above it. The original function of this room is unknown, but it is wider than the southern "diakonikon" and unlike it, it is mosaic paved. To its west there is an elongated hall, labeled "fermentation room". Being mosaic paved as well, and of the same width, these two attached spaces seems to had served as a prothesis chapel.Quadrangular chapelTo the west of the "diakonikon" a square room (3x3 m), entered from the southeastern corner of the atrium, held two cist-tombs oriented E-W and covered by basalt beams. A donor named Antona mentioned in a Greek inscription set in the mosaic floor of the southern portico of the atrium might have been buried here. In Phase 3 one of the cist tomb was cleared of its bones and wine jars dated to the 7th c. were placed therein.Simple rectangular roomThis was not an annexed space, but rather a rear room left behind the southern apse (see General Description).
144Shavei Zion - South ChurchSouth ChurchParochialBasilica with an annexed chapel
207.99
765.60
Village/TownWestern GalileePhoenicia IPtolemaisOn a sandstone (kurkar) ridge7 km north of Acre (Ptolemais)Sitting on Roman road, connecting Antioch with Acre (fragment of roman milestone recovered about 300 m east of the church).yesyes
Prausnitz
1955, 57, 60, 63
Prausnitz, M., 1967
,,
Ovadiah, A., 1970
,,
Aviam, M., 2004
244

The entire church was excavated, including atrium and the attached structures.

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/3%20-%20Shavei%20Zion%2C%20Photo%201.jpghttps://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1%20-%20Shavei%20Zion%2C%20Plan%201.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/2%20-%20Shavei%20Zion%2C%20Plan%202.jpg

A wide staircase was leading up to the atrium, that was surrounded by porticos. The western gateway was erected south of the center of the atrium, yet opposite and in line with the main door leading into the central nave of the church. The western facade of the enclosing wall of the atrium was at least 30 m. long.

The narthex floor was covered with a mosaic which was dated by an inscription to the 5th century.In Phase I the terraced outer narthex and the continuation towards the north of the narthex formed one large continuous porch which turned and continued in an easterly direction alongside the northern wall of the domus. In Phase II a stylobate with two columns separates between the narthex and the exonarthex. The exonarthex extended much to the north relative to the narthex and the domus. From this extension a corridor led to the east, parallel to the northern wall of the church. The narthex, at its northern end, also had an entrance to this corridor.

A flight of steps lead from the atrium to the church itself, which, together with the northern courtyard and adjacent buildings, were erected on top of the hill. The excavators assumed that the church probably had eleven entrances: three in the western wall (including the main central entrance); six side entrances, symmetrically arranged, in northern and southern walls, three in each wall; and two entrances in the eastern wall, one from each side of the apse.

All walls were built of local sandstone cut into squares and rectangles. The exterior walls were not plastered while the interior walls were coated with painted plaster with geometrical designs. The interior walls were also decorated with inlays of white marble, green granite and red porphyry.

The church domus was divided into a nave and two aisles by two colonnades of five columns each, with Corinthian capitals. The church floor was covered by mosaic carpets. The central and eastern parts of the nave show a number of repairs in the mosaic floor, resulting from modifications in the arrangement of space in front of the bema.

The location of the altar is recognized by imprints in the floor of the bema. In Phase I the bema occupied two inter-colunniations and a solea, flanked by two secondary tables, extended farther west into the nave. In Phase II the chancel, made of marble, was extended to occupy the third inter-colunniations, the two secondary tables, set above crosses, were encompassed by the chancel screen, and a third table, without a cross underneath, was added in the SW corner of the bema, next to its western entrance.

yesFacing eastKurkartiles, timberYesNo

The narthex floor was covered with a mosaic which was dated by an inscription to the 5th century.In Phase I the terraced outer narthex and the continuation towards the north of the narthex formed one large continuous porch which turned and continued in an easterly direction alongside the northern wall of the domus. In Phase II a stylobate with two columns separates between the narthex and the exonarthex. The exonarthex extended much to the north relative to the narthex and the domus. From this extension a corridor led to the east, parallel to the northern wall of the church. The narthex, at its northern end, also had an entrance to this corridor.

Colonnade
Total: 
5
CorinthianyesyesExternal apse, roundtwo openings flanking the apse (mon-aps IV)apsidalPhoenician typeA solea led from the nave to the bema.1 step upimprintsMarble, table likeNoFlash with the bemaHemisphericalNoSimple rectangular roomA small rectangular room was attached to the northeast, parallel to the north of the east end of the domus. Two different mosaic floors found super-imposed one upon the other indicated two building phases. In the 2nd, later phase, the chapel was enlarged to measure 5 m. south to north and at least 6 m. west to east. It seems to had served as a martyrs chapel. In Phase 1 four bases were set ‎into the floor of its north-eastern corner, carrying small columns which surrounded a cross.‎ This installation seems to have been an altar table carrying a reliquary. Another possibility is that a reliquary was put underneath.
147NahariyaGiv'at KatsenelsonOvadiah and de Silva (1981) assertion that the church was dedicated to St. Lazarus is false. It has no basis whatsoever. ParochialFree standing basilica
210.05
768.24
Village/TownWestern GalileePhoenicia IPtolemaisOn a hillAbout 10 km. north to Acre (Ptolemais)On the Roman road connecting Tyre and Acre.yesyes
Dauphin and Edelstein
1972-1974
Ovadiah, A. and De Silva, C. G., 1981
,,
Dauphin, C. M. and Edelstein, G., 1984
,,
Edelstein, G. and Dauphin, C. M., 1986
,,
Dauphin, C. M. and Edelstein, G., 1993
,,
Dauphin, C. M. and Edelstein, G., 1993
,,
Ovadiah, A., 2002

Tri-apsidal basilical church with Phoenician type bema with solea, annexes on the north (not excavated; recognized by the plaster floor), south, and to the east of the northern apse. Dimensions: 16.6-17.7 x 28m. (larger in the east than on the west). 

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1%20-%20Nahariya%2C%20Plan%201.jpg

The western part of the complex was not excavated.

The walls wee built of local kurkar stone and coated with a thick layer of plaster.

Paved with a mosaic floor with geometric, floral and figurative motifs.

Two rows of six marble columns divided between the nave and two aisles. The capitals supported the wooden beams of a gallery above each aisle.

The bema in front of the central apse has a lower bema (chœur bas) and a solea in front, extending into the nave, enclosed by a marble screen. The passage from the lower bema to the solea is flanked by two secondary tables that were supported by three marble legs. The main bema was two stairs higher than the nave; the lateral apses - just one stair. The northern apse was 3m in diameter and 2.1m deep. A large quantity of marble pieces of the altar were found on the bema. The chancel screen consisted of twelve screen panels separated by ten screen posts.A cross was depicted in the mosaic floor of the northern apse. 

Bases of two offertory tables each standing on four columns, were found in the lateral apses.

yesFacing eastKurkartiles, timber

Two rows of six marble columns divided between the nave and two aisles. The capitals supported the wooden beams of a gallery above each aisle.

Colonnade
Total: 
6
CorinthianyesyesExternal apses, poligonaltri-apsidalapsidalPhoenician typeA solea led from the nave to the lower bema and hence to the wider and higher bema.2 steps upplateMarble, table likeSecondary table/sNoFlash with the bemaHemisphericalNoN & SCult of relics? (indicated by a table of four legs that stood in the apse).Cult of relics? (indicated by a table of four legs that stood in the apse).N apse, S apseabove both aislesSimple rectangular roomA mosaic-paved room to the east of the northern apse might had served as a martyrs chapel.
149Beth Yerah (Philotheria; Khirbet el-Kerak)ChurchParochialBasilica with an annexed chapel
253.79
735.99
RuralSea of GalileePalaestina IIThe site is located at the southwestern tip of the Sea of Galilee, just north of the present mouth of Jordan River. The church is located at the north end of the mound.ca. 8 km south - southeast of Tiberias.ca. 1 km east of the road between Gadara and Tiberias. yesyes
Delougaz, P. and Haines, R. C., 1960
,,
Ovadiah, A., 1970
,,
Tsafrir, Y., Di Segni, L. and Green, J., 1994
,,
Patrich, J., 2006

Good preservation of all architectural components, including an atrium, narthex, domus and attached structures.

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1%20-%20Beth%20Yerah%2C%20Plan%201_0.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/2%20-%20Beth%20Yerah%2C%20Plan%202_0.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/3%20-%20Beth%20Yerah%2C%20Plan%203_0.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/4%20-%20Beth%20Yerah%2C%20Plan%204_0.jpg

The entrance to the atrium is from the south throw a portico, opened towards the atrium. The atrium is a rectangle (10.5 X 21 m.), with its long axis slightly askew from the axis of the domus. The atrium is paved with large white mosaic. In the middle of the atrium is an underground cistern, about 5 m. deep. This cistern collected rain water from the roofs of the porticoes and the domus by a network of drains under atrium floor. In the southeast corner of the atrium a remains of a staircase were found, which, probably, led to an upper floor. The open southeast portico of the atrium was connected in its southeast corner with the corridor, which runs along the southern wall of the domus.

The narthex has been added when the domus was already built. The western wall of the narthex originally had a wide opening towards the atrium that was narrowed later on. In the eastern wall of the narthex were three entrances to the domus. There was another doorway in the northern wall of the narthex, leading to the unit of two rooms, attached to the northwest corner of the domus. The narthex was paved with a mosaic with geometric pattern.

In the eastern wall of the narthex were three entrances to the domus. The central was wider and led to the nave. The lateral doors led to the aisles.

The domus is basilican in plan (11.50 m. wide and 12.50 m. long), with a central nave and two aisles ending at the east with three horseshoe-shaped apses. The nave was divided from the aisles by two rows of five basalt column bases (seven bases found insitu). The columns were plastered. The nave and the aisles had a poorly preserved mosaic floors.

In the central apse remains of a synthronon preserved, represented by a stone bench of 1 m. wide attached to the inner wall of the apse. The synthronon was two tiers high (about 60 cm.) and, probably, covered with marble. The bema was U-shaped and a little narrower than the central apse. It was raised about 20 cm. above the nave floor level. Later on, during the Phase III, the bema became T-shaped, expanding towards the eastern parts of the aisles.

During the Phase II of the church, lateral apses have been added to the aisles.

yesFacing eastLimestonetiles, timberYesYes

The narthex has been added when the domus was already built. The western wall of the narthex originally had a wide opening towards the atrium that was narrowed later on. In the eastern wall of the narthex were three entrances to the domus. There was another doorway in the northern wall of the narthex, leading to the unit of two rooms, attached to the northwest corner of the domus. The narthex was paved with a mosaic with geometric pattern.

Total: 
5
yesyesExternal apses, roundtri-apsidalapsidalT shaped with three openingsThe bema of phases 1-2 was U-shaped and a little narrower than the central apse. It was raised about 20 cm. above the nave floor level. The chancel screen didn’t preserved. A box-like depression (29.5 cm. square and 14 cm. deep) for a reliquary was found on the center line of the apse and at its chord. The reliquary may represent the place of the altar, which is not preserved. In phase 3 the bema became T-shaped, expanding towards the eastern parts of the aisles.1 step upFlash with the bemaYesgradesAgainst the apseIn the central apse remains of a synthronon preserved, represented by a stone bench of 1 m. wide attached to the inner wall of the apse. The synthronon was two tiers high (about 60 cm.) and, probably, covered with marble.N & SCult of the relics: in the center of the northern apse, in the floor, a box-like depression (35 cm. square and 20 cm. deep) for a reliquary was found. under altar, N apseIn the central apse a box-like depression (29.5 cm. square and 14 cm. deep) for a reliquary was found on the center line of the apse and at its chord. In the floor, in the center of the northern apse, a box-like depression (35 cm. square and 20 cm. deep) for a reliquary was found. Two stone built tombs were found under the floor of the domus, belong to Phase I. One tomb located near the western end of the north aisle, while the other one located in the western part of the nave. The first tomb (1.93 m. X 76 cm. X 72 cm.) contained remains of several skeletons and few small finds, while the second (1.90 m. X 42 cm. X 25 cm.) was empty. The northeast baptismal chapel approached by a doorway in the eastern half of the northern wall of the north aisle. Apsidal chapelThe northeast baptismal chapel approached by a doorway in the eastern half of the northern wall of the north aisle. This unit consists of two rooms: the square antechamber and a rectangular inner room (5.20 X 6.80 m.). The baptismal font moved to this room, first, probably to the circular plastered basin (80 cm. diameter) in its center and later on, to the mushroom-shaped basin (a semicircle 93 cm. in diameter, with added rectangle of 45 X 48 cm.), located at the apse of the room.
155Jerusalem (Greater Jerusalem)According to Christian tradition, the church is located in place where pregnant Mary was sitting to rest before reaching Bethlehem.CATHISMA; KATHISMAMary TheotokosMemorialOctagonal
220.26
627.40
Para-urbanJerusalem (Greater Jerusalem)Palaestina IJerusalemOn plain ground overlooking the Judean Desert, next to the road leading from Jerusalem to Bethlehem.4 km distant from Jerusalem.4 km south of the Old City of Jerusalem.Next to the road, to its east.yesyes
Avner R.
1990's
Avner, R., 1998
,,
Avner, R. and Pony, S., 2001
,,
Avner, R., 2001
,,
Shoemaker, S.J., 2001
,,
Di Segni, L., 2003
,,
Avner, R., 2003
,,
Avner, R., 2004
,,
Avner, R., 2004
,,
Avner, R., 2005
,,
Avner, R., 2007
,,
Avner, R., 2012

The octagonal church was entirely excavated.

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1%20-%20Kathisma%2C%20General%20Plan.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/2%20-%20Kathisma%2C%20Plans%20by%20Phases.jpg

A natural rock protruded above floor level In the center of the church. The rock was surrounded by an inner octagon, forming the central space of the church.

The inner octagon was surrounded, in turn, by an octagonal ambulatory, being separated from the inner octagon by eight free standing corner pillasters and columns in between. The ambulatory was surrounded by an external octagonal unit, divided into rooms and chapels.

In the northern, southern and western sides of the external octagon were located rectangular entrance rooms. In the diagonal sides of this unit four chapels were located. Each chapel comprised of a rectangular room and an apse, generally oriented to the east. Each chapel had two doorways: one leading from the ambulatory and the other - in the wall against the apse, to an irregular shaped room. These rooms were located in the corners of the outer octagon, connecting between the side chapels and the rectangular entrance-rooms of the church.

In the eastern part of the external octagon were located the bema and the external apse. In Phase II the bema was extended to the west, into the ambulatorium. The extension was made by adding of two parallel walls with two staircases between them that led to the bema.

yesFacing eastLimestoneNoNoyesyesExternal apse, poligonalapsidalU shaped without lateral openingsIn Phase II the bema was extended to the west, into the ambulatory. The extension was made by adding two parallel walls with two staircases between them that led to the bema.2 steps upFlash with the bemaHorse-shoe shape
447Jerusalem (Mount of Olives)Memorial church at a place of agony of Christ. It commemorates the prayer of Christ in Gethsemane (Matt. 26: 36-56; Mark 14: 32-52; Luke 22: 39-54; John 18: 1-12; Origen, Comm. ad Matt., PG 13, 1740; Eus. On. 74.16; Hier. ad loc. 75.19; Egeria, It. 36; Eutychius, Annales 1. 215). In 2020 an Early Christian chapel (yet unpublished as of Aug.9, 2021) was excavated to the west of the present church by IAA. The references of Jerome and Eutychius (who attributes its construction to Theodosius I), may refer to this early chapel, since tri-apsidal churches started to be built only since the mid 5th c. No cave came to light in these excavations. Gethsemane (Church of Agony)MemorialFree standing basilica
222.82
631.84
Para-urbanJerusalem Mount of OlivesPalaestina IJerusalemMount of Olivesyesyes
Greek Church
1891
,
Frs. L. Thonessen, B, Meistermann
1909
,
A. Barluzzi
1919-20
,
1958
Vincent, L. H. and Abel, F. M., 1914
,,
Vincent, L. H., 1919
,,
Vincent, L. H., 1920
,,
Orfali, G., 1924
,,
Abel, F. M., 1934‎
,,
Schneider, A. M., 1938
,,
Kopp, C., 1939
,,
Bagatti, B., 1962
,,
Corbo, V. C., 1965
1-91
,,
Bagatti, B., 1968
,,
Ovadiah, A., 1970
,,
Avi-Yonah, M., 1970
,,
Storme, A., 1972
13-74
,,
Ovadiah, A. and de Silva, C. G., 1982

A tri-apsidal church (25.5x16.35) with a central salient apse. Mosaic paved. Three tombs were oncovered in the northern internal apse. Only the foundations were uncovered, partly overlaid by the Crusaders church. Its remains can be seen at the present Church of All Nations. 

https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/getsemane_area_map_corbo_1965.jpg, https://dig.corps-cmhl.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/illustrative_material/1%20-%20Gethsemane%2C%20Plan%201_0.jpg

The atrium to the west of the church was poorly preserved. It appears that the atrium was surrounded by porticoes and annexed rooms and had a rectangular water cistern beneath the floor. Five tombs were discovered under the floor of the atrium.

Extended to the west; partially exposed. A water cistern underneath. 

The church’s façade was poorly preserved. It is unclear whether the church had only one entrance or it was flanked by two lateral doorways.

The thickness of the walls was 0.6 – 0.7 m and they were covered with painted plaster. The foundations of the eastern part of the church were hewn into the rock.

The church (23.30 X 15.16 m; internal dimensions) was divided by two rows of seven columns to a nave (7.82 m) and two aisles (3.67 m each). The columns (0.51m in their lower diameter), of pink limestone, stood on square bases decorated with crosses and bore Corinthian capitals also with cross in their abacus.

Each 3.67m wide.

The central apse (4.2 m deep; 7 m chord) was salient; the two flanking apses, semi-rounded as well, were internal (1.4 m deep; 2.8 m chord). In the area of the apse and the bema an isolated block of rock projected 0.35 m above the floor level of the nave marking the rock of Agony in the local tradition. The bema, U-shaped, was protruding two intercolumniations into the nave. 

Three Byzantine tombs were discovered in the northern apse.

yesFacing eastLimestoneYesYes

Extended to the west; partially exposed. A water cistern underneath. 

Each 3.67m wide.

Total: 
7
CorinthianyesyesExternal apse, roundtri-apsidal (central external, lateral internal)apsidalU shaped without lateral openingsIn the area of the apse and the bema an isolated block of rock projected 0.35 m above the floor level of the nave. This rock probably corresponds to the Christian tradition as the very spot where the Agony took place.Flash with the bemaHemisphericalN & SThree Byzantine tombs were discovered in the northern lateral apse. Cult of the relics?N apseThree Byzantine tombs were discovered in the northern lateral apse. Five more tombs were discovered under the floor of the atrium.