Jerusalem (Extra mural) - Virgins (?)

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Source of knowledge
Literary sources
Archaeological remains
Excavated site
Excavators: 
NameDate
Mazar B.
1968-1977
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
Phase name (as published): 
First phase
General outline: 
The complex is almost square (17.3 x 19.7 m) with wings surrounding a central courtyard. In this phase the building had three stories (basement, ground floor and a second floor). The basement contained a rock-hewn cave that served as the crypt of the monastery, and a shop. The ground floor (main) consisted of service rooms and the second floor, which did not survive, probably contained the chapel and dwellings.
Dating material: 

Second half of fourth century CE to mid-sixth century.

Phase date
Century: 
4th c.
Within century: 
Second half
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
No
Phase name (as published): 
Second phase
General outline: 
The complex was subdivided into three units. Two entrances were sealed, the southern part of the structure was converted into shops. The Ground floor was divided. The central part remained part of the monastery and a wall separated this part from the northern part which was used as a public soup kitchen. A window connected these two parts. The second floor probably continued to serve the monastery.
Dating material: 

Based on the architecture and a coin of Justinian I (538-542 CE).

Phase date
Century: 
6th c.
Within century: 
Mid
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
No
General outline: 
The monastery was destroyed during the Persian invasion of 614 CE, and abandoned.
Dating material: 

Based on the signs of conflagration and the remains of weapons found in the ruins.

Phase date
Century: 
7th c.
Within century: 
First half
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
No
Post Arab conquest history: 
Abandoned