Jerusalem (Old city) - New Church of the Theotokos (Nea Church monastery)

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Excavated site
The church and its monastery, a foundation of the emperor Justinian, was dedicated in 543 CE (V. Sab. 86, 193).
The date of destruction of the Nea complex, like many other monasteries and churches was attributed to the Persian occupation of Jerusalem and/or the Arab conquest. Following recent research, doubt has been cast on the amount of damage inflicted on the religious foundations in Jerusalem and elsewhere by the Persians (Avni 2010), and hence for the date that the Nea was destroyed and abandoned.
State of certainty: 
Archaeologically and Literarily definitive
Architectural evolution
General outline: 
The Nea church was inaugurated in 543 CE. The complex included, apart from the church, a monastery, a hostel, a hospital and a library. Remains of the church, with its large reservoir have been excavated in the Jewish quarter of Jerusalem.
Dating material: 

Epigraphy, architecture, literary and pictorial sources (the Madaba map).

Phase date
6th c.
Within century: 
General outline: 
The Nea church with its attached monastery were badly damaged or destroyed in the Persian invasion. Although the church was restored,the monastery itself may have ceased to function during that time or after the Arab conquest.
Phase date
7th c?
Within century: 
First half