Vertical tabsMonastery name, type, categorySite Name: Khirbet ḤaiyanIdentification: Identified tentatively (TIR), as Aialon, a village mentioned by Eusebius (On. 18: 14), where Joshua performed his miracle (Josh. 10: 12-14).Monastery name: Monastery (?)Monastery type: CenobiumMonastery category: Isolated in the countryside LocationCoordinates, ITM system: 22,560.0064,580.00 Coordinates, ICS system: 17,560.0014,580.00 Geographical region: Samaria Desert FringesProvincial affiliation: Palaestina IBishopric: JerusalemTopographical location: On the lower end of a ridge.Soils: Rocky limestoneDistance from nearest bishop-seat: ca. 15 km (Jerusalem)Distance from nearest settlement: 0.5 km south of Deir Dibwan.Distance from Roman roads: ca. 3 km from the road connecting Jerusalem with Shechem-Neapolis Source of knowledgeArchaeological remainsSurveyed siteSurveyors: NameDate Conder and Kitchener1871-77 Kallai1967-68 Magen and Finkelstein1993 Excavated siteExcavators: NameDate Callaway1969 Bibliograpy: Conder, C. R. and Kitchener, H. H., 1882113 Callaway, J. A. and Nicol, M. B., 196612-19 Callaway, J. A., 1970393-94 Kallai, Z., 1972178-79 Wilkinson, J., 1977158 Bagatti, B., 1979 Ovadiah, A. and De Silva, C. G., 1981235 Magen, Y. and Finkelstein, I., 1993183 Tsafrir, Y., Di Segni, L. and Green, J., 199459 Bagatti, B., 200234-35 Magen, Y. and Kagan, E. D., 2012244 Abbreviation for Journals and SeriesDiscussion: The complex was described as a monastery by the excavator although the plan, apart from the church, is speculative. There is no certainty that a monastery actually existed at the site.State of certainty: Uncertain / Questionable General descriptionState of preservation/which parts were uncovered: Only the church was excavated. General descriptionChurche/s: The church was paved with a white mosaic pavement. Monolithic column fragments were found nearby. A maqam was constructed over the apse of the church at a later period. Dwellings: Dwelling rooms were uncovered next to the church. Burials: Some tombs were found in the vicinity. Stable: A stable was reported by the excavator, near the church. Water installations: A reservoir was found nearby. Agricultural and industrial installations: A winepress was found in the vicinity. Small finds Detailed descriptionStructureMaterials applied (walls): Limestone ComponentsMonastery church: Church typeDiakonikonLink to church sectionChurch location Ground floor Dwelling type: cellsStableAgricultural installations: wine press\es [=w/p] Architectural evolutionPhase 1 Phase 2 Abandonment General outline: A church with dwelling rooms, a stable and a winepress.Dating material: Fifth century CE, based on the finds. Phase dateCentury: 5th c. General outline: According to the excavator, the monastery was rebuilt in the sixth century CE. Dating material: Based on the finds. Phase dateCentury: 6th c. General outline: The monastery probably ceased to function in the Early Islamic period. Phase dateCentury: Unknown Post conquest history comments: Apparently the site retained its sanctity, as an Islamic holy site was erected in its place, over the apse of the church.