Khirbet el-Qasr; el Qasr - Monastery

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Surveyed site
Kloner and Hirschfeld
Excavated site
Magen, Har-Even, Sharukh and Aronshtam
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
Phase name (as published): 
phase III
General outline: 
In the Byzantine period a monastery was built around a Late Roman period tower making use of the pre-existing structures from the earlier phases. The monastery had four wings: a central wing consisting of the tower; an eastern wing, to the east of the tower consisting of a complex of rooms with an inner courtyard ; a southern wing, built south of the glacis, next to the southwestern wall of the eastern wing. This part served as the entrance to the monastery; a northern wing north of the tower, in the northwestern corner of the western wing. Some changes were made in the tower.
Dating material: 

Established in the mid-fifth century CE, based on the inscription found in the chapel.

Phase date
5th c.
Within century: 
General outline: 
The monastery was abandoned sometime in the late seventh or early eighth century.
Dating material: 

Based on numismatics and the lack of iconoclastic evidence.



Phase date
7th-8th c.
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
Post Arab conquest history: 
Ceased to function
Post conquest history comments: 
An oil press was installed in the complex in the early Islamic period, after the monastery ceased to function.The site was occupied for short periods during the Mamluk period.