Khirbet Umm Deimine - Monastery

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Surveyed site
Conder and Kitchener
Excavated site
Magen, Batz and Sharukh
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
Phase name (as published): 
Phase II
General outline: 
The monastery was established in a Late Roman military compound. A chapel was erected in the northern wing of the complex. Other construction changes were made, mainly in the southern wing including the thickening of some of the walls and other repairs. The walls were coated with white plaster. At this point, a second story that covered part of the building may have been added. The whole of the northern wing in this phase was apparently used in a liturgical function attested by the crosses in the paving. It was apparently roofed by a gabled and tiled roof. All the plaster floors were covered in white mosaic pavements.
Dating material: 

Late fourth to early fifth century CE, based on coins, pottery and architecture.

Phase date
4th-5th c.
General outline: 
Sometime in the second half of the eighth century CE.
Phase date
8th c.
Within century: 
Second half
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
Iconoclastic evidence comments: 
Animal figures underwent defacement that included replacing the tesserae with white, coarse plaster. Nonetheless, the figures remaind identifiable.
Post Arab conquest history: 
Still in use
Post conquest history comments: 
After the monastery ceased to function it was resettled in the second half of eighth to the ninth century CE Some changes were made in this phase. An olive oil press was constructed in the south wing of the complex. The courtyard was encroached into by the construction of several rooms after the porticoes had been destroyed and a new wing was added on the northern side of the original structure, this wing contained an industrial installation. An industrial oil press of the lever-screw-and-cylindrical-weight type was installed in the south western room. Architectural elements in secondary use were found in this room.