Mevo Modi'im - Monastery

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Excavated site
Eisenberg and Ovadiah
1976; 1985
According to the excavators, the monastery was in existence from the fifth century to the seventh. They based this on parallels in the region. However, due to the paucity of finds, a more accurate dating was not possible. The absence of small finds may indicate that the monastery was abandoned in an orderly fashion as in some other sites (Giv'ot Bar). In other sites, where oil presses were, found these may not have functioned simultaneously with the wine presses. According to Magen (2008d) these were often installed following the Arab conquest (Deir Daqle, Deir Qal'a, Deir Sam'an). In the opinion of Magen (Magen and Kagan 2012 II: 232, no.105) the oil press at Mevo Modi'in should be dated to the Early Islamic period. An identification of the population that continued to live in the complex and produce the oil was not suggested.
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
Phase name (as published): 
Early phase
General outline: 
The monastery may have been founded over a pre-existing tomb. The complex consisted of a courtyard surrounded on three sides by rooms, including the chapel in the north.
Dating material: 

The monastic phase of the site was dated by the excavators to begin in the mid fifth century CE. The excavators based their dating on the similarity of the plan to those of other monasteries.

Phase date
5th c.
Within century: 
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
General outline: 
Some walls were added, piers were constructed, probably to support the second story that was added at this stage. Parts of the courtyard mosaic were replaced with stone flags.
Dating material: 

Numismatics and architectural considerations.

Phase date
6th-7th c.
General outline: 
The monastery was abandoned in the first half of the seventh century.
Phase date
7th c?
Within century: 
First half
Post Arab conquest history: 
Post conquest history comments: 
At some point of time in the Early Islamic period, the site was resettled and an oil press was installed in the room in the northeastern part of the complex. Remains of the press were found and the pottery found in the excavation (of a domestic nature) was dated to the Early Islamic period.