Rujm Jureida - Monastery

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Surveyed site
Excavated site
Magen, Peleg and Sharukh
The first construction phase at the site belongs to the Late Roman period (Fourth Century) when a tower was built west of a natural cave. In the late fifth or early sixth century, a farmhouse was built around the tower. The farmhouse became a monastery sometime in the sixth century, functioning as such up to the massive earthquake of 749 CE, after which it apparently ceased to serve as such. In the late eighth or early ninth century the structure was resettled, only some parts being used, probably due to the serious damage done by the earthquake. The new settlers, whose identity is unknown, made some changes in the parts used by them including the installation of an oil press. The site was apparently abandoned sometime in the tenth century. The cisterns continued to be in use right up to the present.
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
Phase name (as published): 
Phase III
General outline: 
A monastery was founded in a structure that had been a farmhouse, constructed around a Late Roman tower. A chapel, a mosaic floor in the tower were added, two rooms were constructed in place of a courtyard (13.70 x 9.40 m) in the eastern wing.
Dating material: 

Dated to the sixth century based on the architecture and finds.

Phase date
6th c.
Phase name (as published): 
Phase IV
General outline: 
The monastery continued to function into the Early Islamic period and was badly damaged in the earthquake of 749 CE after which it was abandoned. It was resettled sometime in the late eighth or early ninth century in a non monastic context.
Phase date
8th c.
Within century: 
Post Arab conquest history: 
Still in use
Post conquest history comments: 
The monastery was abandoned after its destruction in 749 CE in the earthquake of that year. The site was later resettled, in the late eighth or early ninth century. Only a small part of the complex was used in this phase, most of the complex remained in ruins. An oil press was installed. The site was abandoned sometime in the tenth century.