Scythopolis/Beth Shean (round church) - Monastery (?)

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Excavated site
Rowe and FitzGerald
The round church at the top of the tel was totally dismantled after its excavation. Mazor (2008:1634) suggested that it may have been dedicated to St. John the Baptist and a small monastery was attached to the church to provide service for the pilgrims that attended the church. According to him, all the churches around Scythopolis belonged to monastic complexes.
State of certainty: 
Uncertain / Questionable
Architectural evolution
General outline: 
According to Fisher (1922: 41), the round church was constructed over the remains of an earlier basilica, the construction of which he attributed to Bishop Patriphilus in the fourth century. The basilica was apparently destroyed in the same century and its remains incorporated into the round church (Mazor 2008).
Dating material: 

The round church was dated by the Shalev-Hurwitz to the first half of the fifth century based on the evolution of round churches in Palestine. 

Phase date
5th c.
Within century: 
First half
General outline: 
The church was probably destroyed in the 749 CE earthquake but it is not known if it continued to function until this date. If a monastery was indeed annexed to the church, as suggested by Mazor, it would probably have been abandoned at the same time.
Dating material: 

Based on the fallen columns and an Arabic inscription.


Phase date
7th-8th c.
Post Arab conquest history: 
Still in use
Post conquest history comments: 
According to Schick (1995: 270), the church continued to function in the Early Islamic period and may have been abandoned due to the earthquake of 749 CE, or possibly earlier.