Tel Masos; Khirbet el-Masas; Khirbet el Meshash - Monastery

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Excavated site
Kempinsky and Fritz
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
Dating material: 

Pottery and Epigraphy


Phase date
6th c.
Within century: 
General outline: 
The monastery was destroyed violently, as attested by the charred remains of wood, sometime in the early eighth century.
Dating material: 

Charred beams and a large amount of broken pottery dated to the Early Islamic period.

Phase date
8th c.
Within century: 
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
Post Arab conquest history: 
Still in use
Post conquest history comments: 
Based on the pottery, the excavators dated the monastery to the late Byzantine-Early Arab period. The excavators were also assisted in the dating by the addition of vowels to the Estrangela script found on stones in the debris of the monastery, which came into use around the eighth century CE. The excavators surmise that the monastery was active for no more than one hundred years. This would then place its foundation no later than the end of the sixth century and its destruction sometime in the early eighth century.