ʻAnab el-Kabir (Khirbet ʻAnab) - Church

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Architectural Evolution
General outline: 
The excavators suggest two stages: in the first, the basilica and the narthex were built and paved. The basilica has an external apse and two pastophoria flanking the bema.
Dating material: 

6th c. The mosaic floors and other finds give a 6th c. date of construction, under Justinian.

Phase date
Century: 
6th c.
Within century: 
First half
General outline: 
In the second phase, the north wing and the atrium were added. The mosaic inscriptions in the nave, narthex and atrium mention mosaicists, clergy and two bishops associated with laying down the mosaics. Bishop John, mentioned in the atrium inscription, seems to be different than the bishop mentioned in the nave inscription (the proper name of whom was not preserved), since the clergy mentioned with both are different. This may indicate that the atrium (and perhaps only its mosaic floor) was built in a later stage. According to another opinion (Patrich 2006, 369), the northern wing is just structurally later than the basilica, not chronologically, so that the annexed chapel and the baptistery are contemporary with the basilica.
Dating material: 

Inscriptions in the nave and the atrium.

Phase date
Century: 
6th c.
Within century: 
Late
General outline: 
Iconoclastic defacements of the mosaic floor and alternations were made in the atrium.
Dating material: 

First half of the 8th century.

Phase date
Century: 
8th c.
Within century: 
First half
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
Yes
Iconoclastic evidence comments: 
The figurative depictions in the mosaics - birds and animals - were mutilated by iconoclasts, but the floors were immediately repaired, indicating that Christian occupation continued after this event.
Dating material: 

The complex was seemingly destroyed only in the earthquake of 749.

Phase date
Century: 
8th c.
Within century: 
Mid
Post Arab conquest history: 
Modified
Conclusions: 
Erected in the 6th c., under Justinian. The excavators suggest two stages: in the first the basilica and the narthex were built and paved, and in the second – the north wing and the atrium. The mosaic inscriptions in the nave, narthex and atrium mentioning mosaicists, clergy and two bishops associated with laying down the mosaics. Bishop John, mentioned in the atrium inscription, seems to be different than the bishop mentioned in the nave inscription (the proper name of whom was not preserved), since the clergy mentioned with both are different. This may indicate that the atrium (and perhaps only it's mosaic floor) was laid in a later stage. It was suggested (Patrich 2006), that the northern wing is just structurally later than the basilica, not chronologically, so that the annexed chapel and the baptistery are contemporary with the basilica. The complex was seemingly destroyed in the earthquake of 749. The figurative depictions in the mosaics - birds and animals - were mutilated by iconoclasts, but the floors were immediately repaired, indicating that Christian occupation continued after this event (Magen et al. Qadmoniot 125 [2003], Hebrew).