Originally founded as a memorial church at the site identified as the place where the shepherds recieved the news of the birth of Jesus (Luke 2: 8-14). An added tradition (Hire. On. 43: 22-23; Epist 108 [Epist. Paula]. CSEL 55,, p. 316) was to the biblical Migdal Eder (Gen. 35:21). According to a newer tradition in the seventh century, the site was the burial place of the three shepherds who were the first to view the infant Jesus (damn., LS II, 6, 1-2, CCSL 175, p. 208) (Tzaferis 1973).