Bethany; El 'Eizariya; - LAZARION

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Source of knowledge
Literary sources
Archaeological remains
Surveyed site
Surveyors: 
NameDate
Guérin
1874-1875
Conder and Kitchener
1871-1877
Magen and Finkelstein
1993
Excavated site
Excavators: 
NameDate
Saller
1949; 1953
State of certainty: 
Literarily definitive
Architectural evolution
General outline: 
Although the site was excavated and its church revealed, remains of the monastery were scant. The earliest church was dated by the excavators to the fourth century. Based on the description of the pilgrim Egeria, monks were already present at the site in the late fourth century but whether or not they were local or had arrived from somewhere else is hard to judge.
Dating material: 

Literary sources.

Phase date
Century: 
4th c.
Within century: 
Second half
Phase date
Century: 
7th c?
Post Arab conquest history: 
Still in use
Post conquest history comments: 
The church apparently continued to in use in the early Islamic period although nothing is known of a monastery. The church was rebuilt in the Crusader period and an abbey established.