Mizpe Shivta; el Mishrefa - ST. GEORGE (?)

Vertical tabs

Source of knowledge
Literary sources
Archaeological remains
Surveyed site
Surveyors: 
NameDate
Palmer
1871
Musil
1901
Woolley and Lawrence
1914-1915
Wiegand
1920
Baumgarten
1979
Excavated site
Excavators: 
NameDate
Baumgarten
1979
State of certainty: 
Archaeologicaly definitive
Architectural evolution
General outline: 
The complex consists of a walled compound on an elevated plateau. The open area at the top of the site contained three structures: a chapel, a rectangular structure and a water collecting system. In the cliff face, caves served as dwellings and storage space.
Dating material: 

Dated generally to the sixth century CE. No phasing was reported.

Phase date
Century: 
6th c.
General outline: 
Although Christian settlement in the area continued into the Early Islamic period, it is not certain that the monastery continued to function.
Dating material: 

The finds at Mizpe Shivta were dated to the Byzantine period, no finds from later periods were reported.

Phase date
Century: 
7th c.
Within century: 
First half
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
No
Post Arab conquest history: 
Abandoned
Post conquest history comments: 
If indeed Baumgarten's identification of the site is correct and the monastery's main function was to provide pilgrims' services, its abandonment following the Arab conquest is in keeping with the steep decline in the number of pilgrims travelling to the Holy Land.