Mt. Tabor; Mt. Tavor - Monastery

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Source of knowledge
Archaeological remains
Surveyed site
de Vogüé
Conder and Kitchener
Excavated site
Second half of 19th century
The monastery on Mt. Tabor was described in the writing of an Armenian pilgrim who visited Palestine in the seventh century. The excavations conducted by the Franciscan Fathers in the nineteenth century focused on the churches and revealed some of the remains but other monastery structures were apparently ignored and the plan of the monastery is not known.
State of certainty: 
Archaeologically and Literarily definitive
Architectural evolution
General outline: 
The architectural remains of the Byzantine structures were not reported (apart from the churches) by the excavators. The foundation of the site can probably be dated to a fairly early stage due to the importance of the site to the Christian world. The existence of the monastery is known only from literary sources.
Dating material: 

The earliest mention of the church on Mt. Tabor is by the Piacenta Pilgrim (530 CE). A later source claims that it was first established by Helena (see Literary Sources section).

Phase date
4th-5th c.
General outline: 
The monastery continued to exist well into the Early Islamic period, at least till the ninth century.
Dating material: 

Mentioned in the Commemoratorium de Casis Dei.

Phase date
Post Arab conquest history: 
Still in use
Post conquest history comments: 
The monastery continued to function at least to the ninth century when it was mentioned in the Commemoratorium de Casis Dei. Al-Mas'udi wrote in the tenth century that the site was in the hands of Chalcedonian Christians (Schick 1995: 413) but nothing is known of the monastery. From the sources it is clear that the site continued to serve as a place of veneration for Christians. In the Crusader period the monastery was rebuilt.