The monastery was founded by Euthymius in 428 CE. It was his third foundation, after the monastery of Theoctistus and the monastery at Caparbaricha. According to Cyril of Scythopolis, who described the foundation in detail, Euthymius settled in a cave in the plain now known in Hebrew as Mishor Adumim. With time he was joined by 12 desciples and the laura was constructed with the help of Euthymius' Saracen followers. After the death of Euthymius in 478, the laura was converted in 482 into a communal monastery, in accordance with his will. The monastery continued to function into the 7th century and was badly damaged in an earthquake in 659 CE after which it was restored and continued to function. The monastery was abandoned sometime before the beginning of the 12th century as reported by the Russian Abbot Daniel who found it in ruins. The monastery was restored by the Crusaders in the twelfth century and abandoned once more when their kingdom fell. The site was surveyed several times and was excavated initially in the first half of the twentieth century by Chitty, later in the same century by Meimaris and later still by Hirschfeld and others.
State of certainty:
Archaeologically and Literarily definitive