Beit Sha'ar - Church

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Architectural Evolution
Phase name (as published): 
Byzantine
General outline: 
Germer-Durand dated the complex to the second half of the sixth century (Mader 1918: 204) based on the epigraphical features of Greek inscription. Based on the word PERSO (ΠΕΡΣΩ), Philipp (1937: 14-15) claimed that the church’s foundation was related to the Persian occupation and that monks were slaughtered there by Persians. He therefore dated the church to the first half of the seventh century CE. This inscription wasn't published. Haim Shkolnik suggested that the fragment "ΠΕΡΣΩ" could be a part of a more widespread and plain Early Byzantine formula - ''Υπέρ σωτηρίας'' ("for the salvation").
Dating material: 

The mosaics suggest a 6th c. date.

Phase date
Century: 
6th c.
General outline: 
Plan as in Phase 1.
Dating material: 

At the absence of iconoclastic activity, it can be assumed that the site was abandoned sometime in the seventh century CE.

Phase date
Century: 
7th c.
Iconoclastic evidence
Iconoclastic evidence: 
No
Post Arab conquest history: 
Abandoned